List of people

Alpert, Max

*1899 in Simferopol; † 1980 in Moscow
Photographer and photojournalist for the Arberiter-Illustrierte Zeitung and the USSR im Bau

Aragon, Louis

*1897 in Paris; † 1982 in Paris

Arnold, Maria

Baader, Johannes

*1875 in Stuttgart; † 1955 in Adldorf
Architect and Dadaist

Balzar, Helene

Barbusse, Henri

*1873 in Asnières-sur-Seine; † 1935 in Moscow
Writer and theatre critic

Benjamin, Walter

*1892 in Charlottenburg; † 1940 in Portbou
Philosopher, literary critic, translator and writer

Berg, David

Theatre director

Bouffier, Hermann

*1851 in Wiesbaden; † 1917 in Wiesbaden
Illustrator, painter, academic art master and teacher at the Kunst- und Baugewerbeschule Wiesbaden

Brecht, Bertolt

*1898 in Augsburg; † 1956 in Berlin
Writer, director and member of the Akademie der Künste

Bredel, Willi

*1901 in Hamburg; † 1964 in Berlin
Writer and member of the Akademie der Künste

Brik, Lilja

*1891 in Moscow; † 1978 in Peredelkino near Moscow
Director und sculptor

Büchner, Georg

*1813 in Goddelau; † 1837 in Zurich
Writer, medic and natural scientist

Burchard, Otto

*1892 in Mainz; † 1965 in Ascona (Switzerland)
Art dealer and art collector

Busch, Ernst

*1900 in Kiel; † 1980 in Berlin
Singer, artist and member of the Akademie der Künste

Dimitroff, Georgi

*1882 in Kowatschewzi; † 1949 in Barwicha near Moscow
General secretary of the Comintern and member of the Bulgarian communist party

Dix, Otto

*1891 Untermhaus near Gera; † 1969 in Singen am Hohentwiel
Painter, graphic artist and member of the Akademie der Künste

Dollfuss, Engelbert

*1892 in Texing; † 1934 in Vienna
As the Austrian Chancellor, with a close relationship to Italian fascism, Dollfuss shut down parliament and formed an authoritarian regime by means of emergency decrees in March 1933 and, in May 1934, tried to establish an Austro-fascist Ständestaat (corporative state). The founder of the Fatherland Front (Vaterländische Front), which was opposed the Social Democrats but also the National Socialists, was murdered during a coup attempt by Austrian National Socialists in July 1934.

Eisler, Hanns

*1898 in Leipzig; † 1962 in Berlin
Composer and member of the Akademie der Künste

Fietz, Gertrud

Fougéron, André

*1913 in Paris; † 1998 in Paris
Painter, drawer, lithographer and graphic artist

Frank, Leonhard

*1882 in Würzburg; † 1961 in Munich
Writer and member of the Akademie der Künste

Friedmann, Barbara

Gedye, George Eric Rowe

*1890 in Clevedon, Somerset; † 1970 in Bath
Journalist and author

Gellhorn, Martha

*1908 in St. Louis; † 1998 in London
Journalist and writer

Geschonneck, Erwin

*1906 in Bartenstein; † 2008 in Berlin
Actor and member of the Akademie der Künste

Goebbels, Joseph

*1897 in Rheydt; † 1945 in Berlin
Offical of the Nazi Party and Reich Minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda

Göring, Hermann

*1893 in Rosenheim; † 1946 in Nürnberg
Official of the Nazi Party, commander-in-chief of the Luftwaffe, president of the Reichstag and designated successor of Adolf Hitler

Gorki, Maxim

*1868 in Nischni Nowgorod; † 1936 near Moscow

Griebel, Otto

*1895 in Meerane; † 1972 in Dresden
Painter and graphic artist

Grohmann, Will

*1887 in Bautzen; † 1968 in Berlin
Art historian, art critic and member of the Akademie der Künste

Grosz, George

*1893 in Berlin; † 1959 in Berlin
Painter, graphic artist and member of the Akademie der Künste

Halbe, Max

*1865 in Güttland; † 1944 in Neuötting
Writer and member of the Akademie der Künste

Hauptmann, Gerhart

*1862 in Ober Salzbrunn; † 1946 in Agnieszków
Writer and member of the Akademie der Künste

Hausmann, Raoul

*1886 in Vienna; † 1971 in Limoges
Painter, drawer, photographer and writer

Heartfield, Eva

Heartfield, Gertrud

*1910 in Berlin; † 1983 in Berlin
(born Gertrud Fietz; alias Gertrud Herzfeld)
Commercial employee, from 1939 partner and from 1952 to 1968 Heartfield’s third wife

Heartfield, Tom

*1918 in Berlin; † 1991 in New York
(born Tom Herzfeld)

Typographer, Heartfield’s son from his first marriage with Helene Balzer

Held, Franz (Pseudonym)

*1862 in Düsseldorf; † 1908 in Rankweil
(born Franz Herzfeld)
Writer, Heartfield’s father

Hemingway, Ernest

*1899 in Oak Park; † 1961 in Ketchum

Hermlin, Stephan

*1915 in Chemnitz; † 1997 in Berlin
Writer and member of the Akademie der Künste

Herzfeld, Alice

*1867 in Berlin; † 1911 in Berlin
(born Alice Stolzenberg)

Textile worker, Heartfield’s mother

Herzfeld, Barbara

*1898 in Budapest; † 1970 in Buenos Aires
(born Barbara Friedmann)
Office employee, from 1927 to 1952 Heartfields second wife

Herzfeld, Charlotte

*1898 in Aigen bei Salzburg; † 1973 in Bräu am Stein
Artisan, Heartfield’s sister

Herzfeld, Eva

Herzfeld, Franz

Herzfeld, Helene

*1890; † 1949 in New York
(born Helene Balzer)

Teacher, from 1917 to 1927 Heartfield’s first wife, mother of Eva and Tom Heartfield

Herzfeld, Hertha

*1893; † 1958 in Verona, USA
Milliner, Heartfield’s sister

Herzfeld, Joseph

*1853 in Neuß; † 1939 in Klobenstein near Bolzano
Lawyer and politician

Herzfeld, Tom

Herzfelde, Wieland

*1896 in Weggis; † 1988 in Berlin
(born Wieland Herzfeld)
Writer, publisher and member of the Akademie der Künste, Heartfield's brother

Heuß, Heinrich


Heym, Stefan

*1913 in Chemnitz; † 2001 in En Bokek
Writer and member of the Deutsche Akademie der Künste (from 1972 Akademie der Künste der DDR), Akademie der Künste

Himmler, Heinrich

*1900 in München; † 1945 in Lüneburg
Funtionary of the Nazi Party, Reichsführer-SS, Chief of German Police and Minister of the Interior

Hindenburg, Paul von Beneckendorff und von

*1847 in Posen; † 1934 in Gut Neudeck
During the First World War, Hindenburg became a war hero as Commander-in-Chief of the Eighth Army thanks to the victory over the Second Russian Army at the Battle of Tannenberg. After the war, he was lauded by the right as a "faithful Ekkehard of the German Reich", in reference to the literary character "faithful Eckart", as used by Ludwig Tieck and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. In 1925, as the candidate of the right-wing forces, he became Reich’s President of the Weimar Republic, even though he supported monarchist views. He was responsible for starting the extremely frequent use of emergency decrees, the establishment of presidential cabinets and finally the appointment of Hitler as Reich’s Chancellor.

Hitler, Adolf

*1889 in Braunau am Inn; † 1945 in Berlin
Leader of the Nazi Party and chief commander of the Wehrmacht

Hnizdo, Vladimir

*1906 in Střekov; † 1983 in Prague
hotographer and printer

Hochhuth, Rolf

*1931 in Eschwege
Dramatist and member of the Akademie der Künste

Holz, Arno

*1863 in Rastenburg, East Prussia; † 1929 in Berlin
Writer and member of the Akademie der Künste

Huelsenbeck, Richard

*1892 in Frankenau; † 1974 in Minusio
Painter, writer and psychiatrist

Jelkin, Vasily

*1897 in Krylatki near Moscow; † 1991 in Moscow
Poster artist

Jung, Franz

*1888 in Neiße; † 1963 in Stuttgart
Writer and publisher

Kantorowicz, Alfred

*1899 in Berlin; † 1979 in Hamburg
Jurist and writer

Kapp, Yvonne

*1903 in Norwood; † 1999 in London
Author and historian

Kersten, Kurt

*1891 in Wehlheiden near Kassel; † 1962 in New York
Writer, publisher and collaborator of Willi Münzenberg amongst others for the Arbeiter-Illustrierte-Zeitung

Kessler, Graf Harry von

*1868 in Paris; † 1937 in Lyon
Diplomat and publisher

Kinelowski, Viktor

*1899; † 1979
Photographer and photojournalist

Klemke, Werner

*1917 in Weißensee; † 1994 in Berlin
 Graphic artist, illustrator and member of the Akademie der Künste

Klucis, Gustav

*1895 near Rūjiena; † 1938 in Moscow
Graphic artist and photomontage artist

Koenen, Wilhelm

*1886 in Hamburg; † 1963 in Berlin
SPD-/KPD-functionary and editorial journalist

Kokoschka, Oskar

*1886 in Pöchlarn; † 1980 in Montreux
Painter, graphic artist, writer and member of the Akademie der Künste

Langhoff, Wolfgang

*1901 in Berlin; † 1966 in Berlin
Actor, director, artistic director and member of the Akademie der Künste

Liebknecht, Karl

*1871 in Leipzig; † 1919 in Berlin
Political functionary, member of the SPD co-founder of the KPD

Lissauer, Ernst

*1882 in Berlin; † 1937 in Vienna
Writer and critic

Luxemburg, Rosa

*1871 in Zamość; † 1919 in Berlin
Leader of the Polish and German left, member of the SPD 
and founding member of the KPD

Manasse, Otto

Doctor and Heartfield's landlord in London

Mann, Klaus

*1906 in Munich; † 1949 in Cannes

Mehring, Walter

*1896 in Berlin; † 1981 in Zurich

Metzkes, Harald

*1929 in Bautzen
Painter and member of the Akademie der Künste

Moholy-Nagy, László

*1895 in Bácsborsód; † 1946 in Chicago
Painter, photographer, typograph and stage designer

Mühsam, Erich

*1878 in Berlin; † 1934 im KZ Oranienburg
Writer and publisher

Münzenberg, Willi

*1889 in Erfurt; † 1940 in Saint-Marcellin
A leading functionary of the KPD during the Weimar Republic, a member of the Central Committee of the KPD and a member of the Reichstag from 1924 to 1933. In 1921, he founded Workers International Relief. He was the publisher of various newspapers, including the Arbeiter Illustrierte Zeitung (AIZ). In 1933 he went into exile in France and continued his anti-fascist publications in Paris. In 1935, Münzenberg initiated the joining together of socialist groups and individuals as the Lutetia-Kreis (Lutetia Circle). After criticising Joseph Stalin, he was excluded from the KPD in March 1938. Having fled from the Wehrmacht in June 1940, he was found hanged in France. The circumstances of his death remain unclear to this day.

Mussolini, Benito

*1883 in Dovia di Predappio; † 1945 in Giulino di Mezzegra
Politician and dictator

Mynatt, Margaret

*1907 in Vienna; † 1977

Neumann, Ernst

*1871 in Kassel; † 1954 in Düren
Painter, graphic artist, commercial artist and teacher of art in the vocational school of arts in Berlin-Charlottenburg

Papen, Franz von

*1879 in Werl; † 1969 in Obersaalbach
Von Papen was a member of the Prussian state parliament for the Centre Party from 1921 to 1932 but broke with the party in 1932, when he formed the so-called "cabinet of barons" in his capacity as Reich’s Chancellor. In 1933, he became Hitler's Vice Chancellor, but was largely stripped of power from 1936 on and was only active as a diplomatic envoy thereafter, especially in Austria. After the Second World War, he was acquitted in 1946 during the Nuremberg Trials, sentenced to eight years in a labour camp as part of a denazification process and granted early release three years later.

Piscator, Erwin

*1893 in Ulm/Hessen; † 1966 in Starnberg
Actor, artistic director and member of the Akademie der Künste

Pogodin, Nikolai

*1900 in Gundorovskaya; † 1962 in Moscow

Radó, Alexander

Radó, Helene

*1901 in Frankfurt am Main; † 1958 in Budapest
(alias Maria Arnold)
Journalist and wife of the cartographer Alexander Radó

Radó, Sándor

*1899 in Budapest; † 1981 in Budapest
(alias Alexander Radó)
Geographer and cartographer

Regler, Gustav

*1898 in Merzig; † 1963 in New Dehli
Writer and journalist

Reinhardt, Max

*1873 in Baden; † 1943 in New York
Theatre and movie director and artistic director

Rodtschenko, Alexander

*1891 in Saint Petersburg; † 1956 in Moscow
Painter, graphic artist and architect

Schaichet, Arkadij

*1898 in Nikolajew; † 1959 in Moscow
Photojournalist and retoucher

Schlichter, Rudolf

*1890 in Calw; † 1955 in Munich
Painter and graphic artist

Schuschnigg, Kurt Edler von

*1897 in Riva del Garda; † 1977 in Mutters
Austrian Chancellor 1934-1938, successor to Dollfuss. The Austro-fascist politician sought to develop a closer relationship with fascist Italy and continued to lead the authoritarian system in Austria, though he opposed Hitler politically. In February 1938, Hitler threatened Austria with an invasion by the Wehrmacht, which forced Schuschnigg to agree to the National Socialists participating in his government with the signing of the Berchtesgaden Agreement. With further threats of an immediate occupation of Austria in March 1938, Hitler forced Schuschnigg to resign and marched into Austria in the same month. Imprisoned at various concentration camps until the end of the war, Schuschnigg emigrated to the US in 1947, returned to Austria in 1968 and died in Innsbruck in 1977.

Seghers, Anna

*1900 in Mainz; † 1983 in Berlin
Writer and member of the Akademie der Künste

Shaw, George Bernard

*1856 in Dublin; † 1950 in Ayot Saint Lawrence
Dramatist and music critic

Siao, Eva

*1911 in Wrocław; † 2001 in Beijing
Photographer and journalist

Sinclair, Upton

*1878 in Baltimore; † 1968 in Bound Brook

Sondermeijer, Eva

*1920 in Berlin; † 1994 in Rotterdam
(born Eva Herzfeld, alias Eva Heartfield)
Heartfield`s daughter from his first marriage with Helene Balzer

Stern, Erich E.

Stage designer

Stolzenberg, Alice

Stötzer, Werner

*1931 in Sonneberg; † 2010 in Altlangsow
Sculptor and member of the Akademie der Künste

Thälmann, Ernst

*1886 in Hamburg; † 1944 in the Buchenwald concentration camp
A Hamburg worker politically active in the SPD since his youth, in 1920, as chairman of the Hamburg USPD, he along with 98% of its membership joined the KPD; in 1924 he became deputy chairman of the party and a member of the Executive Committee of the Communist International. In 1925 he was elected chairman of the KPD; from 1924 to 1929, he was also chairman of the RFB and a member of the Reichstag from 1924 to1933. On 3 March 1933, Thälmann was arrested, charged with treason, detained at various prisons and taken into "protective custody" in 1935. On 17 August 1944, he was transferred to the Buchenwald concentration camp and shot a day later on Hitler's command.

Toller, Ernst

*1893 in Samotschin; † 1939 in New York
Writer, screenwriter and dramatic

Tretjakow, Olga

Tretjakow, Sergei

*1892 in Goldingen; † 1937 in Moscow
Writer and art critic

Tucholsky, Kurt

*1890 in Berlin; † 1935 in Göteborg
(alias Peter Panter)
Publisher and writer

Tzara, Tristan

*1896 in Moinești; † 1963 in Paris
Writer, co-founder of Dadaismus

Uhlman, Fred

*1901 in Stuttgart; † 1985 in London
Lawyer, painter and writer

Uhse, Bodo

*1904 in Rastatt; † 1963 in Berlin
Writer and member of the Akademie der Künste

Varnschein, Clara

Varnschein, Ignaz

*1857; † 1945
Innkeeper and mayor of Aigen near Salzburg and foster father of Heartfield and his siblings

Weisenborn, Günther

*1902 in Velbert; † 1969 in Berlin
Writer and member of the Akademie der Künste

Weiskopf, Franz Carl

*1900 in Prague; † 1955 in Berlin
Writer and chief editor of the Arbeiter-Illustrierte Zeitung

Wolf, Friedrich

*1888 in Neuwied; † 1953 in Lehnitz
Dramatic, writer and member of the Akademie der Künste

Wolpe, Wilhelm

*1904 in [Berlin]; † 1958
Theatre director and stage designer

Zörgiebel, Karl Friedrich

*1878 in Mainz; † 1961 in Mainz
The social democratic politician became police president in Berlin in 1926 and in this capacity decreed a demonstration ban before 1 May 1929, Labour Day, which the KPD defied. The police brutality used against the demonstrators was referred to as Bloody May by the KPD.